nobile (German) Matricaria
Chamomile Matricaria recutita - An annual,
strongly aromatic plant up to 2 metres tall, with
delicate feathery leaves and daisy-like flowers
on single stems.
Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile - Perennial,
stocky plant up to 25cms high, with feathery leaves.
The daisy-like flowers are larger than those of
the German chamomile, and the whole plant has an
apple-like fragrance. Was traditionally used as
a strewing herb, and is probably best known as a
fragrant lawn plant :
chamomile bed, a chamomile bed,
the more it is trodden, The more it will spread
the Roman and German Chamomiles have similar actions,
and the plants medical virtues have been appreciated
since the time of Dioscorides. The German Chamomile
is slightly more anti-inflammatory and analgesic,
whilst the Roman Chamomile has a slightly more bitter
taste. The Greeks knew the herb as ’ground apple’
because of its characteristic (and powerful!) smell.
To the Anglo Saxons Chamomile was ‘maythen,’ one
of the nine scared herbs given to mankind by Woden.
Chamomile was also regarded as the ‘plant’s physician’
or ‘plant doctor’ because it promoted the health
of surrounding plants, and revives ailing plants
set near them.
Chamomiles are used for treating insomnia, nausea,
and stomach upsets, stress related tension, nervous
tension and migraines - and chamomile tea is well
known for its calming properties (unless of course
you have too much), as well as menstrual and menopausal
makes an effective remedy for acne, eczema, allergies,
burns, cuts, insect bites, dermatitis, inflammations
and rashes. An infusion of the chamomile heads makes
a soothing wash for sore eyes, or add a strong infusion
of the herb and flowers, or a few drops of the essential
oils (mixed in a little carrier oil or milk), to
your bath to calm inflamed, irritated skin, and
sunburn; ease muscular and joint pains; and de-stress
the nervous system.
one of the best known uses in beauty treatments,
is the chamomiles lightening properties for fair
hair - make up a strong infusion of the herb by
simmering two or three heaped tablespoons of dried
herb in a pint of water for 20 minutes, strain,
and cool to a bearable temperature before swabbing
all over your hair and combing through. Relax for
as long as you wish and then shampoo out. Save a
little of the infusion to use as a final rinse,
towel off excess water, and leave to dry naturally.
“To comfort the braine smell the chamomil” - old
Avoid excessive use of essential oil during pregnancy